Intelligence Quotient (IQ) has been a measure of cognitive function for over a century. Many organizations assess IQ as one component of their selection process to predict future success in leadership roles, scholastic programs and/or occupational training initiatives. Several gold standard assessments used for measuring IQ dimensions include the Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (deductive reasoning), Raven’s Progressive Matrices (inductive reasoning) and Athena Numeric Reasoning Assessment (numeric reasoning).
Recent studies suggest that in addition to IQ, Emotional Quotient (EQ) or Emotional Intelligence (EI) is also a key indicator to predict future job performance. Employees who exhibit emotionally intelligent behaviors, tend to motivate and encourage others and thrive in leadership roles. Advance Systems posted an interesting article on EQ and the Future of Work.
Organizations (especially in High Tech) find that ideal workers have a highly analytical brain but also carry the attributes of an emotionally intelligent person. They are skilled at managing their emotions in stressful situations and can also assess and react to the emotions of others.